Dry Eye is a common condition, but one that must be monitored and treated to prevent more serious eye problems in the future. Dry eye occurs for two main reasons; either the eye fails to produce a sufficient amount of tears or because the quality of the tears is inadequate, allowing the tears to evaporate too quickly.
Tears are made up of three components: oil, water and mucus. In order to coat the eye effectively these components need to be perfectly balanced. If the tears are not balanced, the water component can evaporate leaving tears that are too salty and will not properly lubricate the eye no matter how many tears are produced.
While symptoms can vary from one patient to another, the most common issue is red, dry and itchy eyes. As contradictory as it may seem, patients also often experience watery eyes as the eye tries to overproduce tears to counteract the dry eye symptoms.
Dry Eye Symptoms
- Blurred Vision
- Foreign Body Sensation
- Eye Fatigue
Symptoms of dry eye are often worse in winter, at the end of the day, while driving or outside, or after extended periods of reading or computer use.
There are a number of treatment options for dry eye that range from adding Omega-3 oils to your diet or use of artificial tears, to inserting punctal plugs (tiny biocompatible silicon plugs) into the drainage ducts on the inner side of the eye to conserve tears.
To learn more about Dry Eye Disease or its treatments, call us today to set up an exam at either our Staten Island or East Brunswick, NJ offices.