Age-Related Macular Degeneration

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Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a chronic eye disease that can cause blurred vision or complete vision central vision loss. The macular is a portion of the retina, which is responsible for detailed vision and central vision. The disease has two forms, dry and wet.

Symptoms are painless and usually begin gradually. They can include:

  • Distorted vision, especially warping when looking at strait lines or objects
  • Increased difficulty in reading
  • Blurred central vision
  • Reduced or complete loss of central vision in one or both eyes
  • Decreased intensity or brightness of colors
  • Difficulty recognizing faces

Who is at Risk?

Patients who are 60 or older are most likely to develop the AMD. However, other risk factors can play a role. Smokers are twice as likely to develop AMD. Genetics also play a key factor, as patients with a family history of AMD are more likely to develop the disease. Also, Caucasians are most likely to develop the disease than any other race.

Although there is no cure for AMD, you can alter your lifestyle to reduce your risk of developing the disease.

This includes:

  • Avoid smoking
  • Exercise on regular basis
  • Maintain good blood pressure and cholesterol levels
  • Include leafy green vegetables and fish with omega 3 into your diet

Macular Degeneration has two forms, Dry AMD, and the more advanced Wet AMD. Most cases start as the dry type and in 10-20% of people it progresses to wet. There is currently no cure for macular degeneration, but it can be possible to slow the progression of the disease and prevent severe vision loss. You can discuss with our doctors the best way to manage the disease.